The first civil lawsuit began in a court in Vienna on Friday over a notorious outbreak of coronavirus at a popular ski resort last year, where thousands of people from 45 countries claim to have become infected.
The case is the first of 15 lawsuits filed by plaintiffs from Austria and Germany, accusing the authorities of not responding quickly enough to Covid-19 outbreaks in Ischgl and other resorts in the province of Tyrol.
It is being brought on behalf of Sieglinde Schopf and her son Ulrich, the widow and son respectively of 72-year-old Hannes Schopf, who died after contracting the virus in Ischgl.
Sieglinde was not present in Vienna's Palace of Justice on Friday but her son Ulrich sat alongside the legal team bringing their case, amid substantial media interest.
Lawyer Alexander Klauser, acting for the Schopf family and the VSV consumer organisation helping them and others bring their cases to court, has said the official shortcomings that allowed Ischgl and the surrounding area to become a virus hotspot were manifold.
He pointed to a report last October by an independent commission of experts which found that local officials had "reacted too late" and made "serious miscalculations" when alerted by Iceland on March 5 that several of its nationals had tested positive on returning home.
Local officials "had at least 48 hours to react" after the warning, Klauser told AFP earlier this week.
They also missed an opportunity to prevent more tourists coming to the valley that weekend, and the regional government cast doubt on whether the Icelandic tourists had been infected in Ischgl, he said.
Klauser also accused the local authorities of doing "too little, too late" when a restaurant worker tested positive for the virus.
When the valley was finally placed in quarantine, an orderly evacuation of was "thwarted" by the chaotic manner in which it was announced and organised, Klauser said, pointing the finger at Chancellor Sebastian Kurz as well.
Schopf's widow said the retired journalist and avid skier caught the virus during the panicked evacuation by bus, crammed with other tourists who were sneezing and coughing.
The Schopf family is now suing the Republic of Austria for 100,000 euros ($120,000) over his death.
In an interview with AFP earlier this year Sieglinde Schopf said her "entire world shattered into pieces".
"I can't forgive myself, because in the end, I sent him to his death," as she had encouraged him to take the break, she said.
In addition to the 15 lawsuits, another 30 people have presented compensation claims to the Austrian government, Klauser said.
"What all those affected want above all is for the Republic of Austria to accept responsibility -- we've had no sign of this up until now," he said.
Of the 6,000 people who claim to have contracted the virus in Ischgl and the surrounding area, five percent suffer from symptoms of long Covid, including headaches, sleep disturbance and shortness of breath, the VSV association said. In total, 32 people have died.
Contacted by AFP, the Federal Attorney's office, which represents the state, said it "will not comment on active proceedings".
While expressing sympathy for the victims and their relatives, authorities have denied they acted too slowly or that any more could have been done at the time.
Five people, including four local officials, were placed under investigation in Innsbruck over the outbreak.
The file has been sent to the justice ministry with no indication whether criminal charges will eventually be filed.
Austria's vital skiing sector was hard-hit in the 2020/2021 season, with some stations reporting falls in visitor numbers of up to 90 percent.